The archipelago is appropriate about 600 kilometers near to the west point of the African continent, the Cape Verde in Senegal. To the island state belong ten larger and five smaller islands, which form approximately the form of a semi-circle open toward the west. The Group of Islands Barlavento covers the northern islands (Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa Luzia, São Nicolau, Sal and Boa Vista and three smaller islands), Sotavento lain the more south (São Tiago, Brava, Fogo and Maio and two smaller islands). Cape Verde has a total area of 4,033 square kilometers. Capital of the Republic of cape Verde is Praia.